Volume 9 , Issue 1 , March 2021 , Pages: 53 - 60
A Prospective Study of Early Postoperative Outcome of D2 Gastrectomy: A Tertiary Hospital of Bangladesh
Nabir Hossain, Department of Surgical Oncology, National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital (NICRH), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Ahsan Habib, Department of Surgical Oncology, National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital (NICRH), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Quazi Habibullah, Department of Surgical Oncology, National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital (NICRH), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: Feb. 13, 2021;       Accepted: Feb. 27, 2021;       Published: Mar. 10, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.crj.20210901.17        View        Downloads  
Abstract
Introduction: Gastrectomy with proper lymphadenectomy is considered the cornerstone of treatment for potentially curable gastric cancer. Stomach cancer is one of the important leading causes of cancer related death in worldwide. Annually, it was diagnosed with 9, 89,600 new cases and 7, 38,000 deaths (10% of all cancer death) in worldwide. The overall prognosis is not very favorable. However, surgery in the form of gastrectomy is the only treatment modality for a chance of long term survival as well as hope for cure. Aim of the study: Aim of the study was to find outcome of Early Postoperative Outcome of D2 Gastrectomy. Material & Methods: This prospective study was conducted at the Department of Surgical Oncology, National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital (NICRH), Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2019 to December 2020. A total 80 number of gastric cancer patients who were underwent gastrectomy were considered in this study. Statistical Analysis was performed with help of Epi Info (TM) 7.2.2.2. EPI INFO is a trademark of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Descriptive statistical analysis was performed to calculate the means with corresponding standard deviations. Results: The mean age (mean ± SD) of the patients was 49.10±8.32 years with range 28-66 years and the median age was 48.5 years. The age group 45-54 years (50.0%) were significantly higher than other age group (Z= 3.26; p<0.001). Only 5.0% were with age between 25-34 years and 27.5% of the patients were with age ≥55 years. Thus in this study the patients with age between were in higher risk of having gastric cancer. Proportion of males (75.0%) was significantly higher than that of females (25.0%) (Z=7.07; p<0.0001). Conclusion: Surgery for gastric cancer is the only hope for cure or long term survival in the arena of multimodal management of cancers. It provides quick symptom relief by loco regional control, adds to survival of the individual, cure in case of early gastric cancer and proper staging for planning of subsequent adjuvant treatment.
Keywords
Early Postoperative, Outcome, D2 Gastrectomy, Lymphadenectomy, Cancer
To cite this article
Nabir Hossain, Ahsan Habib, Quazi Habibullah, A Prospective Study of Early Postoperative Outcome of D2 Gastrectomy: A Tertiary Hospital of Bangladesh, Cancer Research Journal. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2021, pp. 53-60. doi: 10.11648/j.crj.20210901.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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